Common venous disorders include : chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), swelling, varicose veins, venous ulcers, and deep vein thrombosis (DVT). This health information can shed some light on what each of these conditions mean and how they can be treated effectively.
Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI)
CVI is a condition that results when a person has damaged valves in their veins. This can cause blood to pool in the legs. As a result, this can lead to swelling, pain, skin damage and ulcers on a person’s lower extremities.
To date, there is no cure for this chronic condition, however, CVI can still be managed effectively.
Symptoms of Chronic Venous Insufficiency Include :
1.) inflammation and/or edema (swelling) of one or both legs
2.) pain in the legs
3.) varicose veins
4.) skin abnormalities, such as discoloration or hardening of the skin
5.) ulcers may develop on the legs
Swelling, otherwise referred to as edema, happens when there is a build up of fluid inside a person’s tissues. Often times this occurs in the lower leg and ankle area. If an individual has prolonged edema (swelling) this should not be ignored, because it may be a sign of a more serious problem. If you have consistent swelling, it is important to consult your physician.
Varicose veins are caused by a backflow of blood in a damaged vein. Sometimes people refer this backflow of blood as a pooling of blood. Varicose veins can be the result of pregnancy or can be a hereditary condition. The symptoms can range from mild to severe.
Symptoms of Varicose Veins Include :
1.) bulging veins
2.) The leg feels heavy
3.) Fatigue, discomfort and/or an aching feeling in the leg
When a person has a chronic backup of blood due to damaged valves, they can develop swelling. Chronic swelling (edema) can interfere with the nutrition and oxygen supply to an individual’s skin. When the skin becomes dry, flaky and darker in color, it can break down more easily with minor trauma. As a result, an open wound can occur and these can be slow to heal.
Symptoms of Venous Ulcers :
1.) edema (swelling) in the ankle and lower leg area
2.) dermatitis (or other changes in the skin)
3.) discoloration of the skin (may be purple or brown) around and above the ankle
4.) open wound with moderate to heavy drainage
Deep vein Thrombosis (DVT)
A DVT is actually a blood clot (otherwise referred to as a thrombosis) that forms in a deep vein. As a result of the clot, there can be partial or complete blockage of blood flow. This can be a potentially fatal complication for people when the clot travels from the veins and get’s lodged in an individual’s lung.
Symptoms of DVT :
1.) sudden swelling in a person’s leg
2.) the leg can become painful or tender
3.) skin that is warm to the touch
How You Can Help Yourself
People should always consult their physician prior to any kind of treatment, but the following are common when treating venous conditions :
1.) Elevate your feet and legs
3.) Move your feet (especially if you are sitting for long periods of time)
4.) Use compression stockings or socks
Ways That Compression Stockings & Diabetic Socks Help
Gradient compression can help your veins return blood to your heart. This means that compression garments can help you get swelling and blood that is stuck in your legs out of your lower extremities. Typically, compression garments are stronger at the ankle and the compression gradually lessens as you move upward. Different strength levels exist, but most people will usually wear 18 mmHg, or 20-30 mmHg (mmHg is a measurement of mercury). There is no mercury in the garment, the strength is just calculated this way. These stockings can be below the knee or can be made for basically any part of the body.
For a free evaluation, you can visit Rinella Orthotics, Inc. They can provide you with more information and show you how to apply and remove the garments as well. The guess work is taken out of the process with a licensed orthotist helping you and often times these compression garments can be billed to your insurance. For more information call us today at 815-717-8970.
*This article/blog is health information. It should not be considered as medical advice for the reader since everyone’s condition is unique.